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16th International Conference on Digestive Disorders and Gastroenterology, will be organized around the theme Improving Access in Gastroenterology: From Past to Future

GI Diseases 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in GI Diseases 2020

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Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) happens when stomach contents come back up into your esophagus causing heartburn (also called acid reflux). Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a long-lasting and more serious form of GER. The most common symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is persistent heartburn, also called acid reflux. GERD happens when the lower esophageal sphincter becomes weak or relaxes when it shouldn’t.

Fecal incontinence, also called accidental bowel leakage, is the accidental passing of solid or liquid stools from the anus. People may have a strong urge to have a bowel movement and not be able to control it. and may have bowel leakage and not know it. The symptoms of fecal incontinence include a strong urge for a bowel movement and not being able to control it, and passing solid or liquid stool without knowing it. Fecal incontinence has many causes, including digestive tract disorders and chronic diseases.

 

Celiac disease is a digestive disorder that damages the small intestine. People with celiac disease cannot eat gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. The disease can cause long-term digestive problems and keep a person from getting the nutrients they need. If patients have celiac disease, he may experience digestive symptoms or symptoms in other parts of his body. Digestive symptoms are more common in children than in adults. Some people with celiac disease have no symptoms.

 

Colon polyps are growths on the lining of the human colon and rectum. Most polyps are not cancerous, but some may develop into cancer over time. Removing polyps can help prevent colorectal cancer. Most people with colon polyps don’t have symptoms. Experts aren’t sure what causes colon polyps. Research suggests that certain factors, such as age and family history, can increase the chances of developing colon polyps in a human body.

 

Constipation is a condition in which people may have fewer than three bowel movements a week; stools that are hard, dry, or lumpy; stools that are difficult or painful to pass; or a feeling that not all stool has passed. People usually can take steps to prevent or relieve constipation.

Crohn’s disease is a chronic, or long-lasting, disease that causes inflammation and irritation in patients’ digestive tract. The most common symptoms of Crohn’s disease are diarrhea, cramping, and pain in his abdomen, and weight loss. Doctors aren’t sure what causes Crohn’s disease.

 

Diarrhea is loose, watery stools three or more times a day. Diarrhea may be acute, persistent, or chronic. Acute diarrhea is more common than persistent or chronic diarrhea. Complications of diarrhea are dehydration and malabsorption.

Diverticulosis is a condition that occurs when small pouches, or sacs, form and push outward through weak spots in the wall of the colon. In diverticulitis, one or a few of the pouches in the wall of the colon become inflamed. Most people with diverticulosis do not have symptoms. Symptoms may include constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, or bloating. Diverticulitis most often causes abdominal pain, which is usually severe. Experts are not sure what causes these conditions.

Hemorrhoids, also called piles, are swollen and inflamed veins around patients anus or in patients lower rectum. External hemorrhoids form under the skin around the anus. Internal hemorrhoids form in the lining of the anus and lower rectum. Symptoms of hemorrhoids depend on the type of hemorrhoid. External hemorrhoid symptoms include anal itching. Internal hemorrhoid symptoms include rectal bleeding. Certain toilet habits, constipation, a low-fiber diet, and aging may cause hemorrhoids.

 

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms that occur together, including repeated pain in the abdomen and changes in bowel movements, which may be diarrhea, constipation, or both. With IBS, the patient has these symptoms without any visible signs of damage or disease in his digestive tract. The most common symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are pain in the abdomen, often related to bowel movements, and changes in bowel movements. These changes may be diarrhea, constipation, or both, depending on what type of IBS patients have. Doctors aren’t sure what causes IBS.

If you have lactose intolerance, you have digestive symptoms—such as bloating, diarrhea, and gas—after you consume foods or drinks that contain lactose. Lactose intolerance may affect your health if it keeps you from getting enough nutrients, such as calcium and vitamin D. Symptoms of lactose intolerance may include bloating, diarrhea, gas, nausea, and pain in your abdomen. Lactose intolerance is caused by lactose malabsorption, a condition in which your small intestine makes low levels of lactase and can’t digest all the lactose you eat or drink.

 

Short bowel syndrome is a group of problems related to poor absorption of nutrients. Short bowel syndrome typically occurs in people who have

  • had at least half of their small intestine removed and sometimes all or part of their large intestine removed
  • significant damage of the small intestine
  • poor motility, or movement, inside the intestines

Short bowel syndrome may be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on how well the small intestine is working.

Colitis describes inflammation of the inner lining of the colon and can be associated with diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating, and blood in the stool. This inflammation may be due to a variety of reasons, including the following:
 

  • Infection
  • Loss of blood supply to the colon (ischemia)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis)
  • Allergic reactions
  • Invasion of the colon wall with lymphocytic white blood cells or collagen

People with short bowel syndrome cannot absorb enough water, vitamins, minerals, protein, fat, calories, and other nutrients from food. What nutrients the small intestine has trouble absorbing depends on which section of the small intestine has been damaged or removed.

Barrett's esophagus is a condition in which tissue that is similar to the lining of the intestine replaces the tissue lining the esophagus. People with Barrett's esophagus may develop rare cancer called esophageal adenocarcinoma. Experts don't know the exact cause of Barrett's esophagus. However, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) increases the chances of developing the condition.

 

Gallbladder stones are an extremely common disorder and are usually asymptomatic. Some patients experience biliary colic, intermittent and often severe pain in the epigastrium or right upper quadrant, and at times between the scapula because of temporary obstruction of the cystic duct with a gallstone. If the cystic duct obstruction persists, the gallbladder becomes inflamed and the patient develops cholecystitis, acute inflammation, and infection of the gallbladder.

 

Gallbladder stones are an extremely common disorder and are usually asymptomatic. Some patients experience biliary colic, intermittent and often severe pain in the epigastrium or right upper quadrant, and at times between the scapula because of temporary obstruction of the cystic duct with a gallstone. If the cystic duct obstruction persists, the gallbladder becomes inflamed and the patient develops cholecystitis, acute inflammation, and infection of the gallbladder.

 

Pancreatitis is inflammation in the pancreas. The pancreas is a long, flat gland that sits tucked behind the stomach in the upper abdomen. The pancreas produces enzymes that help digestion and hormones that help regulate the way your body processes sugar (glucose). Pancreatitis can occur as acute pancreatitis meaning it appears suddenly and lasts for days. Or pancreatitis can occur as chronic pancreatitis, which is pancreatitis that occurs over many years.

 

 

<p justify;\"="" style="text-align: justify;">The liver has many important functions, including digesting your food and processing and distributing nutrients. There are many kinds of liver diseases and conditions. Some, like hepatitis, are caused by viruses. Others can be the result of drugs or drinking too much alcohol. Long-lasting injury or scar tissue in the liver can cause cirrhosis. Jaundice, or yellowing of the skin, can be one sign of liver disease.

 

Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It’s commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis. These include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that occurs when the body makes antibodies against liver tissue

•          Hepatitis A

•          Hepatitis B

•          Hepatitis C

•          Hepatitis D

•          Hepatitis E

 

Gastrointestinal cancer refers to malignant conditions of the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) and accessory organs of digestion, including the esophagus, stomach, biliary system, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus. The symptoms relate to the organ affected and can include obstruction (leading to difficulty swallowing or defecating), abnormal bleeding or other associated problems. The diagnosis often requires endoscopy, followed by biopsy of suspicious tissue. The treatment depends on the location of the tumor, as well as the type of cancer cell and whether it has invaded other tissues or spread elsewhere. These factors also determine the prognosis..

  • Stomach cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Gallbladder cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Anal cancer
  • Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumour

A peptic ulcer (stomach ulcer) is a sore on the lining of your stomach or duodenum. People who take NSAIDs such as aspirin and ibuprofen long-term or are infected with the bacteria H. pylori are most likely to develop peptic ulcers. A dull or burning pain in the stomach is the most common symptom of peptic ulcers (stomach ulcers). Causes include long-term use of NSAIDs, an infection with H.pylori, or both. Rarely, tumors cause peptic ulcers.